T0he South Texas Ghost Hunters Alliance

What are RODS?

The Ghost Education & Research Center in San Antonio, TX 

tackled this phenomena and on July 4th, 2003 successfully broke the 

mystery of What Are Rods?

This is a picture of a fly, spliced together using a filming format called NTSC.

  The Answer: Flying Insects


Using a Sony Digital Handycam (Model DCR-TRV740) Recording at Normal Speed, (Distance: 10', Zoom 5X, Frame: 4.0, 1/60 sec) Video Recording shows nothing out of the ordinary... Insects can be seen flying around our Bug Light. Observing the same insects on the Recorded Video, either in regular speed or slow motion, the NTSC format creates the same effect known as a ROD. We will break it down further for you below...

 This is a video still shot of regular flying insect flying around a bug zapper. On Video recorded with NTSC, 60 little insect movements are pasted together to form one image... what you are looking at.


Almost all of modern camcorders use a filming format called NTSC. This fact is not debated. Understanding how the format works is what we are going to explain to you, and show you how the Rods are created using a filming format NTSC. 

NTSC splices two pictures together to make one image. 

If you snap a picture of an insect using a regular or digital camera, you will get the insect in flight. 

If you film the same insect with a camcorder, you will get two frames put together of the insect. (Think of the Old Star Trek... when the enterprise goes into warp... the ship stretches... Same effect.)

It is common knowledge that when you pause a recorded image, you are looking at a image in a frame.

When people look at something they recorded on their Surveillance Camera or VCR, they usually pause it and watch it frame by frame.

(Like cool explosions or an action scene in a movie)

Well, One Frame on a Camera (Called A Picture) can be broken down into even smaller "Mini-Frames" (Pictures) called Fields.

There are 30 individual Fields in what we call a Block.

NTSC (The common filming format) crunches TWO blocks of 30 Fields together to give you a total of 60 individual Fields (Mini-Pictures).

(Which 30 + 30 = 60 Fields (or 2X30 Field Blocks) = One FRAME a.k.a. Image as seen on this page!)

When these "RODS" or flying insects are seen, they are the same insect pasted together to form what we call a ROD.

This is an insect that is about to get zapped. Top left corner.

The image is stretched and the wing pattern of up and down form the perfect wave motion that each ROD has.

The Insect moving Two Frame Lengths (Since it's moving already in one 30 Field Block) Makes it  "stretch" or "blur" as a streak, making the insect appear to be moving at incredible speeds. In fact, the actual speed of the insect is less than 40 MPH which is slow enough to even tell it's an insect but because these frames are interlaced (Pasted Together) it makes it look something paranormal.



Experiment Details: 

Location: Private Property in Poteet, Texas

Place: Outdoors

Time of Day: Evening, 8:30pm

Month: June - July

Conditions outside: Warm, 87 Degrees

Electro-Magnetic Fields Present: None

Equipment Used: 1 Sony Camcorder (Model DCR-TRV740) 

1 Bug Light Zapper


We have provided you with the details, and even have the evidence caught on tape.  

Rods are nothing more than an insect in flight and a film format that stretches and pastes 60 insect shots together creating a stretched imaged dubbed "a Rod"

The evidence that is left is undebatable and is the truth.  

"No bluffing here, so don't bet all your poker chips or even any Medifast coupons on this one or you will leave empty handed."

Case #20030704 


Steven Wolff

Founder & Lead Researcher,

The Ghost Education & Research Center - San Antonio